February is Dental Health Month, and we decided to share some details that are on the website PULEVASALUD about their care. Hope will be of great benefit to your life.
Febrero es el mes de la Salud Dental, y hemos decidido compartir algunos detalles que encontramos en la página PULEVASALUD sobre el cuidado de los mismos. Esperamos que sean de gran beneficio para su vida.
Food for healthy teeth and gums:
As in all our body, the health of our teeth and gums depend on our food. In addition to calcium and vitamin D, other minerals and vitamins play an essential role for the teeth and gums.
1. Healthy eating, healthy teeth
It is known that food is crucial to our overall health so, of course, influences the state of our oral health.
Within this there are nutrients that participation in training and health of teeth and gums is essential. These include calcium, phosphorus, fluoride, vitamin D, vitamin A and the B vitamins.
These nutrients are essential for the formation and maintenance of body structures in general and of the teeth and gums in particular, are essential in the diet at all ages if we want to achieve and maintain a healthy mouth and a beautiful smile.
Milk and dairy products are a food group is an excellent source of most of these elements: calcium, phosphorus, and vitamins A and D and B.
Calcium is an essential element in the formation of bones and teeth. 99% of the calcium from our body is in them. The remaining 1% is in the blood, extracellular fluid in adipose tissue.
Calcium is necessary for the transmission of nerve impulses for muscle contraction, for the clotting of blood and heart function and blood pressure maintenance. It also prevents the formation of colon tumors and kidney stones.
It is recommended an average amount of 1,200 mg of calcium daily.
If you do not eat enough, your body is forced to remove it from the bones to ensure that 1%. With this, the bones become weak and therefore, not only favors the onset of osteoporosis, but also periodontal disease.
Accused before the bone calcium loss is the jaw (especially the alveolar bone, which is supporting the tooth). Therefore, the tooth loses its support and increase their mobility.
Increasing calcium intake has been found improvements in inflammation and tooth mobility. It is therefore particularly useful to increase calcium intake in people with periodontal disease.
Where is. The main source of calcium for our body is milk and its derivatives. The optimal intake of calcium is achieved with five or six glasses of milk, both whole and skimmed yogurt five or six, or about 150 grams of cheese portions, manchego or ball.
Other foods that contain calcium such as cereals, vegetables or dark green vegetables, nuts, beans and small fish.
Phosphorus is the second most abundant mineral in the body (1%). Your metabolism is closely related to calcium. Beside it is the structure of bones and teeth. Among other functions, helps maintain muscle system activity and acid-base balance in the body.
Where is. They have found in foods of animal origin such as milk and dairy products, eggs, fish and in plant foods such as legumes, nuts and zucchini.
Fluoride in its elemental form is a gas and is within the group of halogens. It is the most electronegative of all elements, so it has a high reactivity. Therefore, nature is often associated with other elements such as calcium.
Fluoride taken orally is especially useful in the stages of life when teeth are forming. The action of fluoride strengthens tooth enamel structure, protects against caries and enamel remineralization. But an excessive dose can alter the tooth structure causing what is known as fluorosis.
Where encentra. Fluoride is found in water at various concentrations by geographic region and in foods such as tea. Is present in smaller amounts in other plant foods such as tomatoes, beans, lentils, cherries and potatoes.
5. Vitamin D
Vitamin D has an important role in maintaining bone health and dental, as it facilitates the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, which are necessary for healthy bones and teeth, and to maintain proper nervous system. It also maintains adequate calcium levels in blood.
Where is. Vitamin D is found in oily fish, fish liver oil, margarine, eggs, milk and dairy products. Part of this vitamin is formed in the skin by the action of sunlight, hence the importance of moderate sun exposure, especially children (they are in time of dental and bone formation) and elderly (due to decreased absorption digestion of the vitamin D provided by foods).
6. Vitamin C
Vitamin C, also intervene in the formation of red blood cells, promotes iron absorption, increases resistance to infection and is an antioxidant or anti-aging.
In addition, vitamin C plays an important role in the development and maintenance of healthy teeth and gums. Involved in the synthesis of collagen in the gums and the rest of the body. Collagen is necessary in the formation of the skin, muscles, vessels, internal organs, etc. and their role is crucial in the process of repair and healing of these tissues.
It also participates in the formation of cartilage, tendons, bones and teeth by promoting the proper formation of osteoid and osteoblast function. On the other hand, vitamin C protects the integrity of blood vessels, maintaining adequate permeability, with what level of periodontal bacteria protects against attacks.
Therefore, vitamin C deficiency leads to a reduced resistance to infection and impaired healing of wounds slows. If the deficit is pronounced, producing symptoms such as swelling and bleeding gums and easy bruising blows leaving minimal.
If they progress, tooth loss occurs. These are the symptoms of scurvy. This disease was common in sailors who embarked long periods without eating fresh fruit. Where is.
Vitamin C is found in fruits, known as citrus (orange, lemon, mandarin, grapefruit, etc..), Kiwi, fresh soybeans, tomatoes, green pepper, lettuce, potatoes, cauliflower, etc.
7. Vitamin A
Vitamin A is a fat soluble vitamin essential for healthy skin and mucous membranes and is involved in visual function. It is important for the development of the nervous system and the formation of sex hormones.
It also participates in the formation and development of bones and teeth, prevents infections and has antioxidant and anticancer.
Its deficit causes alterations of the structure of bones and teeth and dryness of mucous membranes leading to increased susceptibility to tooth decay and infection.
Where is? Is found in foods of animal origin (as retinol) as oily fish, liver, egg yolk, butter, cheese, whole milk or enriched. Also found in plant foods (as beta carotene) and apricot, melon, carrot, mango, peach, spinach, Brussels sprouts, tomatoes, persimmons, etc..
8. Vitamin B
Vitamin B2 or riboflavin has several functions, such as participation in the formation of antibodies and red blood cells and maintaining a healthy skin and some mucous. Its deficit causes glossitis (inflammation of the tongue), angular stomatitis (fissures or cracks in your skin radiating from the corners of the mouth and sometimes the oral mucosa) and cheilosis lips (painful cracks in the upper and lower lips .)
Also associated with vitamin B2 deficiency disorders of the eye lens and mucous membranes of the mouth and the rest of the body. His administration improves all these injuries.
Where is. Vitamin B2 sources are milk, cheese, eggs, liver, legumes, green vegetables and yeast.
Has several functions in the body, among which are a fundamental role in the functioning of the nervous system and the synthesis of sex hormones. But it also keeps the skin health.
Looks like you have an important role in the prevention of periodontitis. His administration improves glosistis (inflammation of the tongue) and atrophic tongue (the tongue surface is smoothed, usually red, lacks the normal taste and can be painful).
Where is. Niacin is found in cereals, legumes and brewer’s yeast.
– Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 or cyanocobalamin has important functions in the body such as participation in the maturation of red blood cells, iron absorption in the structure of the nervous system and DNA synthesis.
Improves glossitis. It seems to correct the deficiency of vitamin B12 improves periodontitis.
Where is. Food sources include eggs, fish and dairy products. This vitamin is not present in plant foods, so lacking in strict vegetarian diets.
Alimentación para unos dientes y encías sanosComo en todo nuestro organismo, la salud de nuestros dientes y encías depende de nuestra alimentación. Además del calcio y la vitamina D, otros minerales y vitaminas juegan un papel esencial para los dientes y encías.